October 12 — History

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October 12 | From name changing of the current White House to Parvez Musharraf’s bloodless coup in Pakistan; all major event that happened on October 12.


The Babylonian kingdom is destroyed when Cyrus the Great’s army of Persia captures Babylon in 539 BC.

King Edwin of Northumbria is slain and defeated at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in 633 by an alliance commanded by Penda of Mercia and Cadwallon of Gwynedd.

First voyage of Christopher Columbus touches down in the Caribbean in 1492, notably on San Salvador Island.

The White House was formally renamed from the Executive Mansion in 1901 by President Theodore Roosevelt.

Edith Cavell, a British nurse, was shot by the Germans in 1915 for aiding Allied troops in fleeing occupied Belgium.

In 1918, 453 people are killed in a forest fire in Minnesota.

Desmond Doss, a conscientious objector during World War II, receives the first U.S. Medal of Honor in 1945.

Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk, in protest of a Philippine claim at the United Nations in 1960.

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In 1964, the Soviet Union sent multi-person crew into space for the first time as they sent the Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit without the use of pressure suits.

While travelling over the Mediterranean Sea in 1967, a bomb exploded on board Cyprus Airways Flight 284, killing 66 people.

Cairo, Egypt was hit by a magnitude 5.8 earthquake in 1992. A minimum of 510 people lost their lives.

In a bloodless coup in 1999, Pervez Musharraf deposes Nawaz Sharif from the government.

In 1996, New Zealand conducts the first election under the country’s new mixed-member proportional representation system; Jim Bolger’s National Party and Winston Peters’ New Zealand First formed a coalition government.

The Sari Club bombing in Bali in 2002 claimed 202 lives and injured over 300.

The European Union has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2012.

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