Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli Prime Minster who paved way for the peace and try to halt Palestine-Israel conflict through many secret meetings with Palestinian representatives during his tenure that led to the framing of Oslo accords, was born on March 1, 1922.
It would be strange for the younger generations of today to believe that there was a Prime Minister in Israel who really wanted peace with Palestine and did not just try to occupy the lands of Palestine as we see today.
However, the whole settlement of Israel as a country in Arab territories with America’s overt and covert assistance is debatable, which we will see later someday.
Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli Prime Minster who paved way for the peace and try to mitigate Palestine-Israel conflict through many secret meetings with Palestinian representatives during his tenure that led to the framing of Oslo accords, was born on March 1, 1922.
Rabin, also a soldier who led Israel twice as prime minister (1974–77 and 1992–95) towards peace with Palestinian and Arab neighbours. Rabin shared the Nobel Peace Prize alongside Shimon Peres, his foreign minister, and Yasser Arafat, the head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) ‘for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East’.
Rabin served as defence minister in the Labour-Likud alliance governments from 1984 until 1990, during which he reacted aggressively to the first Intifadah (uprising), a Palestinian uprising in the occupied territories. However, the failure of hard-line methods to quash the revolt convinced Rabin that political engagement with the Palestinians was required. During his military and political careers, his hard-line position ensured public confidence in his capacity to negotiate concessions without jeopardising security.
In 1992, following a countrywide election, he regained leadership of the Labour Party from Peres by Labour Party members, and led the party to success in the general elections of June 1992. He created a government with a mandate to promote peace with Palestine, which was one of the primary electoral topics that helped Labour Party win the election.
As Prime Minister, Rabin halted new Israeli settlements in the occupied areas. His administration held covert talks with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which ended in the September 1993 with Israel-PLO agreements, in which Israel recognised the PLO as Palestine’s representative and pledged to progressively allow Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip limited self-rule.
Followings are Yitzhak Rabin’s moves that is said to be an attempt of halting conflict between Palestine and Israel.
Oslo Accord I (1993)
The Oslo Accords established a Palestinian Authority entrusted with limited self-governance in the areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as acknowledging the PLO as permanent Palestine’s representative. The most pressing issues are boundaries od Israel and Palesine, Israeli settlements, Jerusalem’s status, Israel’s military presence in and control over residual regions if Palestinian autonomy is recognised, and the Palestinian right of return. The Oslo Accords, on the other hand, did not establish a Palestinian state.
Gaza–Jericho Agreement (1994)
The Gaza–Jericho Agreement, was signed on 4 May 1994 by Yasser Arafat and the then-Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. Formally known as the Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho area, it was a follow-up pact to the Oslo I Accord, in which modalities of Palestinian autonomy were finalised. The deal is generally referred to as the Cairo Agreement of 1994.
According to the agreement, within five years, the Palestinian would have limited self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and within three weeks of signing of agreement, Israel committed to withdraw partially from the West Bank’s Jericho area and partially from the Gaza Strip.
The Agreement established the Palestinian Authority (PA), and Yasser Arafat was named its first on July 5, 1994, when the PA was formally inaugurated.
Oslo Accord II (1995)
The agreement was signed to expand Palestinian self-government in the West Bank by establishing an elected self-governing authority to allow Palestinians to manage their own internal affairs, reduce points of conflicts between Israelis and Palestinians, and advance the cause of cooperation and coexistence based on mutual respect, dignity, and common interests. Simultaneously, it safeguards Israel’s important interests, particularly its security interests, both in terms of external security and the personal security of Israeli people in the West Bank.